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Image of the day: Anatomy of Basal Ganglia - Axial View

Anatomy of Basal Ganglia - Axial View

Structures generally included in the basal ganglia are the caudate, putamen, and globus pallidus in the cerebrum, the substantia nigra in the midbrain, and the subthalamic nucleus in the diencephalon.

Basal ganglia's primary function is likely to control and regulate activities of the motor and premotor cortical areas so that voluntary movements can be performed smoothly.

Dysfunction results in a wide range of neurological conditions including disorders of behaviour control and movement.

Those of behaviour include Tourette syndrome, obsessive–compulsive disorder, and addiction.

Movement disorders include, most notably Parkinson's disease, which involves degeneration of the dopamine-producing cells in the substantia nigra, Huntington's disease, which primarily involves damage to the striatum, dystonia, and hemiballismus

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